Grattan, Angeline

Grattan, Angeline

Civilian War Dead

Died as a result of enemy action on Wednesday 16 April 1941 (aged 18)

Buried:

Bangor Cemetery, Co. Down (Unmarked grave) (1. A. 164)

Commemorated:

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Daughter of Civilian Matilda Grattan

Sister of Civilian Shelagh Grattan

Sister of Flight Sergeant George Francis Grattan (No. 521645)

BIOGRAPHY

Angeline Grattan was born around 1923 and she was a daughter of Andrew Francis Grattan and Matilda Grattan (nee McDonald).  Angeline was living at 40 Ashley Gardens, Bangor when she died on 16 April 1941 – at the same time as her mother Matilda and her sister Shelagh.

Matilda McDonald and Andrew Francis Grattan were married on 11 September 1902 in Birr Roman Catholic Church, Co Offaly.  Andrew Grattan was registered as a soldier from Birr and he was a son of Robert Grattan, a tailor (deceased).  Matilda McDonald was a daughter of George McDonald, a labourer.

Andrew and Matilda Grattan (nee McDonald) had at least seven children:

Robert Andrew (born 24 June 1903 in Crinkle, Birr; Robert Grattan became a seaman and in 1930 he was working aboard the SS Markland)

Mary Kathleen (born 19 December 1905 in Middleburg, Transvaal, South Africa)

Hilda Geraldine (born 12 October 1907 in the Military Barracks, Birr)

George Francis (born 22 March 1910 in Devonport, England)

Andrew (born 4 September 1913 in Holles Street Hospital, Dublin)

Shelagh (born around 1921)

Angeline (born around 1923)

Between 10.45 pm on Easter Tuesday 15 April and 4.30 am on Wednesday 16 April 1941 there was a large-scale German Luftwaffe air raid on the City of Belfast.  Other nearby towns and villages, including Bangor and Newtownards, were also attacked.  Areas of Bangor where bombs fell included Ashley Gardens, Bangor Golf Clubhouse, Baylands, Farnham Road, Hazeldene Gardens and Ranfurly Avenue.  Fires blazed on Scrabo Hill, Newtownards and bombs fell on Green Road, Conlig and Comber Road, Newtownards.  At least 29 people with North Down and Ards connections were killed, including the following 15 civilians.

  • Matilda Grattan together with her daughters Angeline Grattan and Shelagh Grattan who died at 40 Ashley Gardens in Bangor.
  • Margaret Byers Watt who died at 5 Hazeldene Gardens in Bangor.
  • Robert Wright of 32 Baylands, Bangor who died of his injuries in Bangor Hospital.
  • Edith, Henry, Isabella and William Dunwoody; Nancy Simms Gribbin; Thomas Morton; Bessie and Ellen Ogle; William Henry Taggart and Evelyn Tate who all died in Belfast.

That night the aerodrome at Newtownards, which was the Headquarters of 231 Squadron, Royal Air Force was attacked.  The aerodrome was guarded by soldiers of the 70th (Young Soldiers) Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, some of whom were too young for front line service and were deployed instead on the home front.  Newtownards aerodrome was attacked with a considerable number of incendiary bombs and some high explosive bombs.  One high explosive bomb that fell on the hutments of ‘A’ Company Headquarters killed 13 men, all of whom served with the 70th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.  Most were killed instantly, and the remainder died the following day as a result of their injuries:

  • Fusilier William Bellamy (aged 28)
  • Fusilier Samuel Burke (aged 18)
  • Lance Corporal Alexander Carlisle
  • Fusilier Andrew Copling (aged 16)
  • Fusilier Hugh Fulton (aged 17)
  • Fusilier George Graham
  • Fusilier Daniel Higgins
  • Fusilier Leslie Love (aged 34)
  • Fusilier Samuel McFarland (aged 19)
  • Company Quartermaster Sergeant William McMurray (aged 27)
  • Fusilier Ernest McNeill (aged 17)
  • Warrant Officer Class II Alfred Penfold (aged 36)
  • Fusilier Matthew Wright (aged 18)

The casualties were all taken to Ards District Hospital in Newtownards.

There was another casualty with an Ards connection who died during the night of 15/16 April 1941.  Flight Lieutenant Wilfrid Mark Hamilton Brookes (aged 23) of 231 Squadron who was in Belfast at the time was killed during the air raid.

The funeral of Matilda, Angeline and Shelagh Grattan to Bangor Cemetery was reported in the 26 April 1941 edition of the County Down Spectator.  A service was held in St. Comgall’s Roman Catholic Church, Brunswick Road, Bangor on 18 April 1941 and then a hearse containing Matilda Grattan’s remains proceeded to Bangor Cemetery.  The hearse returned twice to the Church for the bodies of her daughters.  The chief mourners were Major Andrew Grattan, husband and father of the deceased, together with his daughters, Kathleen Grattan and Mrs George O’Connell from Salthill in County Galway.  Three of Andrew and Matilda’s sons, Andrew, George, and Robert Grattan, were abroad.  The Mayor of Bangor, Councillor W.H. McMillan, and the Town Clerk, Mr R.M. Moore, represented the Council and residents of the town.  No headstone was erected on their grave (1. A. 164).

Of the many civilians of the Commonwealth whose deaths were due to enemy action in the Second World War, the names of some 67,092 are commemorated in the Civilian War Dead Roll of Honour, located near St. George’s Chapel in Westminster Abbey, London.

After his wife and daughters were killed, Andrew Francis Grattan moved to Brunswick Road, Bangor and, some eight months after their deaths, Army Pensioner Andrew Francis Grattan died on 23 December 1941.  He suffered from diabetes and died in a hyperglycaemic coma.  Andrew Francis Grattan was 66 when he died in the townland of Ballaghanery, Annalong and he was buried in Bangor Cemetery.  His effects amounted to some £762 and probate was granted to his daughter Kathleen.

One year later, on 1 December 1942, Angeline’s brother, Flight Sergeant George Francis Grattan (No. 521645), died in a Japanese Prisoner-of-War Camp.