Lockwood, Joshua

Lockwood, Joshua


King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

Died of disease on Monday 16 December 1918 (aged 52)


Ossett (Holy Trinity) Churchyard


Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Holy Trinity Church Ossett Memorial Plaque

Ossett Conservative Club Roll of Honour

Ossett Sunday School Sick Society Memorial Plaque


Joshua Lockwood was born in 1866 in Ossett, Yorkshire and he was a son of Mark and Elizabeth Lockwood (nee Clay).  One of ten children, Joshua was their second child and first son.

Mark Lockwood (aged 26) was a widower when he and Elizabeth Clay (aged 21) were married on 14 September 1862 in Dewsbury All Saints Parish Church.  Mark Lockwood had previously been married to Hannah Harrop; they were married on 24 December 1854 in Dewsbury All Saints Parish Church, and they had one child, Harrop Lockwood, who was born in 1858.

Hannah Lockwood (nee Harrop) died in November 1860, and she was buried at South Ossett Christ Church on 28 November 1860 (aged 24).

In 1871 and 1881 Mark and Elizabeth Lockwood (nee Clay) were living at Little Town End, Ossett, in 1881 with eleven children, four daughters and seven sons, including Harrop Lockwood.

Mark Lockwood worked as a joiner and builder, and he employed three men and two boys. Joshua Lockwood, aged 15 in 1881, was working as a rag grinder.

Joshua Lockwood and Nellie Jane Wright were married in December 1890 in Ossett Holy Trinity Church, and they lived in Ryecroft Street, Ossett. At that time, Joshua was working as a joiner. By 1901 they had moved to Church Street, Ossett and were living there with their adopted daughter, Mary Ellen Lovatt, (aged 9). At that time, Joshua was working as a cloth waste dealer.

In 1911 Joshua, Nellie and Mary Ellen Lockwood were living at 20, Springstone Avenue, Ossett. Joshua Lockwood (aged 45) was running two businesses, as a wool and cloth waste merchant and as a coal agent. His adopted daughter, Mary Ellen Lockwood, was working as an assistant teacher at an elementary school.

Joshua’s father, Mark Lockwood, described as a farmer and joiner, died on 13 August 1898.

Joshua Lockwood’s adopted daughter, Mary Ellen Lovatt Lockwood married Arthur Goodyear Simpson on 7 September 1914 at Holy Trinity Church, Ossett. They had two children, Monica (1916 – 2004) and Desmond (1925 – 2000).

Joshua Lockwood was on active service during the Great War.  He went to France in January 1917 with the 2/4 Battalion, King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI) but was invalided home suffering from pneumonia and bronchitis. When he recovered he was passed fit for home service only, and in July 1918 was posted to Ireland, where he was stationed at Clonmaney, Londonderry and Randalstown.  Whilst there, he became ill with gastritis, and after treatment in hospital at Belfast he went to Holywood to recuperate. On Saturday 14 December he suffered an apoplectic seizure. His wife Nellie was informed and she came at once to his bedside where she found that he was conscious but dying.

Captain Joshua Lockwood of 20 Springstone Avenue, Ossett, quartermaster and honorary captain in the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry died as the result of of a cerebral haemorrhage and heart failure on 16 December 1918 at the Officer’s Hospital, Holywood, County Down.

Probate was granted at Wakefield on 14 April 1919 to his widow, Nellie Jane Lockwood. His effects amounted to £2,141 1s 11d.

Joshua Lockwood’s widow, Nellie Jane Lockwood, then of Osmunde Hill, Orpington, Kent, widow, died on 17 December 1948 (aged 80); thirty years and one day after her husband’s death.

Probate was granted at Wakefield to her adopted daughter May Ellen Lovatt Simpson (wife of Arthur Goodyear Simpson). Her effects amounted to £8,819 4s 11d.

Mary Ellen Lovatt Simpson (nee Lockwood) died in Sheringham, Norfolk in 1981.

The Ossett Observer published an obituary for Captain Joshua Lockwood:

Death Of Captain Joshua Lockwood of Ossett – A Popular Territorial – We regret to announce the death, which took place at a military officer’s hospital at Holywood, Co. Down, Ireland, on Monday, of Captain and Quartermaster Joshua Lockwood, who latterly has been attached to the 4th Reserve Battalion, Devon Regiment and formerly of the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (Territorials), whose home was in Springstone Avenue, Ossett. A well-known and respected townsman, the deceased, who from his youth has been an enthusiast in the Volunteer movement, was in business in civil life until the outbreak of the war, when, as a non-commissioned officer of the local Territorials, he was mobilised for active service with the Ossett and Horbury detachment of the 1st Battalion of K.O.Y.L.I., while they were undergoing their annual training in camp at Whitby. Three or four months afterwards, when a second battalion of the regiment was formed in the neighbourhood, the deceased was transferred to it and took the commissioned rank of lieutenant. With this battalion he proceeded to France in January 1917, but after eighteen months service he was invalided home suffering from pneumonia and bronchitis. On recuperating, he was passed for home service only, and in July this year went to Ireland, where he was attached to the 4th Reserve Devon Regiment, then stationed at Clonmany, and afterwards at Randalstown, Co. Antrim. It was during his stay here that he became ill, suffering from gastritis, and after treatment in hospital at Belfast went to Holywood. On Saturday he had an apoplectic seizure. His wife, who was at home, was telegraphed for, and accompanied by Mr. Knight, brother-in-law, at once proceeded to Ireland, where they found the deceased in a dying condition, but conscious. Death occurred on Monday morning. Deceased was 52 years of age and leaves a widow and adopted daughter.

His connection with the Volunteer and Territorial movements extended over a continuous period of about 35 years, during many of which he was very popular as a quartermaster-sergeant. A clever marksman, he was a ‘crack-shot’ of the district, and for years carried off some of the principal prizes, awarded for the highest scores, at the annual shooting competitions at Strensall, of the Yorkshire Rifle Association (of which he had been executive officer), and also one of the local Volunteers. He was also a frequent competitor at Bisley, where he won many prizes. His energies also extended in other directions. As an ardent Churchman, he had a long, active association with Holy Trinity Parish Church and Schools, For over a quarter of a century a Sunday school teacher, at the time of his death he was a superintendent of the Sunday school, though his military duties since the beginning of the war have prevented him from officiating, and he has been a churchwarden, one of the original members of the church council, and its first secretary, and a holder of other important parochial offices. In connection with various other organisations in the borough, the deceased will be much missed.

The funeral took place yesterday (Friday) afternoon at Holy Trinity Churchyard and was accorded military honours. It was largely attended. The coffin, which was covered by the Union Jack, was conveyed from his home to the churchyard on a bier, and the cortege included an officer and about fifty soldiers from Pontefract, who furnished a firing party, and buglers. In addition to the family mourners, there was a large number of personal friends, including several military officers and former associates of the Volunteer force, fellow church and Sunday school workers, members of the Ossett Conservative Club, and others. The body was met at the church gates by the Rev. R. E. Burlingham, (vicar) who conducted the burial service, and the churchwardens and sidesmen, and after the coffin had been committed to the grave soldiers fired three volleys over it, and buglers sounded the ‘Last Post’.

Wreathes were sent by the following: Mrs. J. Lockwood, Mr. and Mrs. A.G. Simpson, Miss Emily Lockwood, Mr. and Mrs. D. Broadhead, Mr. and Mrs. H. Ellis, Mr. A.E. Knight, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Lockwood, Mr. and Mrs. Harold Fawcett, Mr. and Mrs. Mark Lockwood, Major Walker, Colonel Hind, and remaining officers, 1/4 KOYLI, Lieutenant-Colonel H.R. Ratcliffe and Officers, 4th Reserve Battalion, Devon Regiment, President (Earl of Zetland), Council and Members, Yorkshire Rifle Association, Ossett Parish Church Council, Ossett Parish Church Sunday School Teachers, Ossett Conservative Club, Sergeant-Major and Mrs. Lingwood, Mr. and Mrs. T. Moss and Mrs. Spencer, Councillor and Mrs. Hodgson and Family, A.J. Russell and Sons, Maidstone, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Shaw, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Shaw.

The Parish Magazine for Ossett Holy Trinity Church printed this tribute to Joshua Lockwood:

It is with the deepest regret that we heard of the death of Captain J. Lockwood, which took place on December 16th. He had been on active service since the beginning of the war, and when invalided home from France this summer was not really fit for the hard work to which he was sent in Ireland, where he died. It is over thirty-five years since he joined the Volunteers, and he was with them in Camp when war broke out. We shall miss him greatly at the Church, in which he had been an official, and the keenest of workers, being one of the founders of the Church Council and its first secretary. He was one of the pioneers of the Parochial Fund movement and was one of its Treasurers. Those who worked with him and under him as their Superintendent know how he threw his whole heart and soul into his Sunday School work, with unfailing regularity and a jealous care for the interests of the children. Joshua Lockwood was a splendid type of manly and devoted Church worker, and his memory should inspire many of our young men to follow his example.”

Captain Joshua Lockwood was buried in Ossett (Holy Trinity) Churchyard and there is an inscription on his headstone: